1. Because of the snowfall, the climbers were making slow ------ up the mountain.

     1. height                      2. plan               3. result                  4. progress

 

2. Although trains are not the fastest means of --------, they are the safest.

     1. protection                2. production    3. transportation      4. education

 

3. Mary hasn’t changed at all.She looks ---------- the same.

     1. hardly                      2. exactly          3. carefully              4. slowly

 

4. He ---------- and put his hand into the lion’s mouth.

     1. risked                      2. replaced        3. ignored                4. got

 

5. Some students are always ---------- about their test marks.

     1. polluted                   2. concerned     3. produced             4. saved

 

6. The fight against AIDS requires a ---------- strategy.

1. material                 2. global                3. facial                      4. friendly      

 

7. After the vaccination, Mary got the disease but in ---------- form.

     1. mild                        2. deep               3. heavy                   4. active

 

8. The ozone ---------- protects living things from the harmful radiation of the sun.

     1. climate                   2. environment  3. layer                     4. length

 

9. Hard work brings with it no ---- of success; we also need to have effective

       planning.

     1. actions                    2. guarantees     3. processes          4. researches

 

10. Smoking can be ---------- even for the health of non-smokers.

     1. boring                     2. disappointing  3. shocking           4. damaging

 

11. When you ---------- glass, paper or metal, you save materials, energy and money.

1. damage               2. design          3. recycle             4. destroy                           

 

12. If the greenhouse effect -----, it can make the Earth warmer than usual.

     1. damages                2. enhances      3. stores                   4. releases

 

13. The scientists researching the -- of climate change are making progress.

     1. causes                    2. fuels              3. examples             4. layers

 

14. Even a little extra warming may cause problems for the ---------- in which we live.

     1. space                      2. ocean            3. climate                 4. environment

 

15. Nowadays solar energy can be used to ---------- buildings and water.

     1. save                       2. produce          3. burn                     4. heat

 

16. In autumn the ------ changes repeatedly from a high of 30 to a low of 10

       degrees above zero.

     1. weather                  2. temperature  3. climate                  4. heat

 

17. People living in Japan don’t have enough -------, so they make their buildings high.

     1. material                 2. cost                 3. land                      4. field

 

 18. Cars ---------- pollution to the air should be stopped.

     1. causing                   2. cause           3. who cause           4. are causing

 

19. The photos ---------- of the match were all black and white.

     1. to take                    2. taken           3. taking                  4. were taken

 

20. The man ---------- next to Nancy never said a word.

     1. was sitting              2. sat               3. sitting                  4. who sitting

 

21. Which sentence is grammatically wrong?

     1. The car taking us to the airport broke down.

     2. Life must be very pleasant for people living in the countryside.

     3. The police never found the money stolen in the robbery.

     4. A new factory employed 100 workers has started in this area.

 

 

         There is a place on the earth where hot water and steam come up from under the ground.The people who live in these places make use of the heat that comes from inside the earth.Some of them cook in the hot pools.They put food into a basket and place it in the water.Washing is done in much the same way.For most of us the heat under our feet is so far away that we can't use it.We must make our heat by burning coal, oil or gas.The people who get heat from inside the earth are lucky.It takes a lot of money to pay for the coal, oil or gas.

 

22. The underlined word “it” in line 5 refers to ----------.

     1. heat                  2. sun                      3. foot                       4. earth

 

23. Those people who live near the hot pools can cook their food ----------.

     1. by putting it in a basket under the ground

     2. inside the hot earth

     3. in the hot water

     4. by burning coal, oil or gas.

 

24. It is impossible for most of us to use the heat under the ground because ----------.

     1. there is not heat inside the earth

     2. it is too far away to use

     3. it is too hot inside the earth

     4. many people do not live near the earth

 

25. People who get heat from inside the earth are lucky because ---------.

     1. they don’t pay for the food which they cook

     2. they use the heat of the coal, oil or gas they get

     3. they don’t pay for the coal, oil or gas they get

     4. they don’t need to buy any food